*** RESERVED *** The rare Gold Coast Regiment fighting Military Cross D.S.O. Recommendation for shooting dead a German officer and three other enemy, consisting of: Military Cross George V; 1914-15 Star to Lieut. G.B. Kinley, G. Coast R.; WWI War Medal to Lieut. G.B. Kinley, WWI Victory Medal to Lieut. G.B. Kinley.

Military Cross Gazetted 26 Sep 1917: "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty, in charge of a fighting patrol of 75 rifles and one machine gun. This officer was the only European with the patrol when attacked by considerably superior numbers. He beat off three violent attacks with heavy losses, shooting one European and three native enemy at a distance of ten yards himself, and eventually withdrew in good order, with only twelve casualties, the known casualties of the enemy being eighteen killed, besides a large number of wounded."

Gerald Kinley Brooks was born on 25 Aug 1888 and lived at Bloomhill, Dungannon, Co. Tyrone before moving to Argentina and working for Buenas Aires Western Railway before accepting a commission into the Gold Coast Regiment, posted to Cameroon and then Togoland on 15 Aug 1915, Kinley was decorated for fighting gallantry at the Battle of Makangaga. Sir Hugh Clifford was governor of the Gold Coast from 1912-19 and recollections of Kinley's actions were as follows:

"AFFAIR AT MAKANGAGA - On the 3rd April, the Regiment left Mitole, and marching across country along a vile track till the main highway leading from Kilwa Kivinje to Liwale was encountered, reached Mnasi on the following day, and proceeded to establish a camp there. Mnasi lies on the main road above mentioned and is distant about three-and-twenty miles from Kilwa Kivinje. Here two wells, dug by
the Germans and cased with brick, were found, but they contained no water. B Company was separated from the rest of the Regiment at this time, being still stationed at Kirongo. Very early in the morning of April llth, a bush native came into camp and reported that another native, who had come into Makangaga from the south on the preceding evening, had brought word that the enemy was at Likawage, rather more than thirty miles I to the south of
Mnasi, and that two companies, over two hundred strong, were marching down the road to that place. Makangaga lies south-east of Mnasi and is distant barely four miles from that place. Accordingly Lieutenant Kinley, with seventy-five rank and file and one machine-gun, was at once dispatched to make an attempt to ambush the advancing enemy. This little band proceeded up the road to Makangaga, and passing through that village, sought some point of vantage from whence to attack the enemy as he marched down the road. For once men of the Gold Coast Regiment, whose patrols had so often been harassed by an elusive and invisible enemy, were to have a chance of subjecting a German force to a similarly unpalatable experience. On the 13th April the enemy sent in a flag of truce, and restored to the Gold Coast Regiment four of the men who had been wounded during Lieutenant Kinley 's action on the llth April. The bearer of the flag of truce admitted the heavy losses which the enemy had sustained on that occasion. For his daring little exploit, Lieutenant Kinley was recommended by Colonel Rose, who was still commanding the 3rd East African Brigade, for a Distinguished Service Order."

After suffering a bout of chronic malaria, Kinley was admitted to No.2 S.A. General Hospital, Daresalem in June 1917 and then joined the 7th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers and 14th Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles.


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